Mouse lemurs – the two new lemurs bring the total number of these diminutive primates on Madagascar to 20. The lemurs were collected in 2003 and 2007 during surveys on the eastern part of the island.
Genetic analysis revealed them to be new species: the Marohita mouse lemur and the Anosy mouse lemur.
Woodlizards - Scientists discovered two new species
of woodlizards living in the Cordillera Azul National Park in the Peruvian Amazon. Woodlizards are little-known reptiles with only 10 described species found in South and Central America.11. The olinguito (my personal favourite) - the first new mammalian carnivore
described in the Western Hemisphere since the 1970's, the olinguito is a member of a little-known, elusive group of mammals—olingos—that are related to raccoons, coatis, and kinkajous. It lives in Andean cloud forests.9. 8 Sri Lankan frogs - Two
surveys in the mountainous forests of Sri Lanka's Peak Wilderness Sanctuary have uncovered eight new species of frogs and, while every year over a hundred new amphibians are discovered, eight new discoveries in a single park is especially notable.
Ziegler’s Crocodile newt - researchers discovered a new species of Vietnamese salamander that looks like it was birthed from an abyssal volcano. Coal-black with orange-tinted
toes, the new crocodile newt was determined to be a new species when it showed genetic differences from near relative
Tinkerbella nana - a new genus of fairyfly
has been discovered in Costa Rica. It is one of the smallest winged insects in the neotropics. Found in both temperate and tropical climates, the fairyfly is not a19. Sphyrna gilbert – a new species of Carolina hammerheads was found in the coastal areas
off the Carolinas in the US. The species is smaller than the closely-related scalloped hammerhead.
Caroline’s Mole rat - in 2002, researchers noticed a distinct-looking mole rat in Zambia and confirmed
it as a new species of mole rat this year. The mole rat was found in the Ikelenge pedicle, a geographic area that covers portions of Zambia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola. Already scientists have discovered 28 endemic species in this area: one
amphibian, five mammals, three butterflies, and 19 dragonflies. This unique region is made up of gallery forests along rivers and wetlands and woodlands dominated by miombo trees. But, like most forests in the world, these are imperilled.
Coandu speratus (Coandus - 'hope' in Latin) - a new species of tree-dwelling porcupine in the Brazil’s most endangered ecosystems - a small forest fragment in the state of Pernambuco. The name choice is appropriate given
the porcupine's high risk of extinction. About 98% of its forest habitat has been destroyed, while its population is as fragmented as the forests it inhabits, making the species vulnerable in inbreeding, according to the researchers. The species is also actively
hunted by locals.
Raja’s tiger spider – a new tree-dwelling tarantula discovered in Sri Lanka has awed arachnophiliacs and terrified arachnophobes alike, but if you want to see it, you’d
better hurry because it is critically endangered.
Microcaecilia dermatophaga or "little skin-eating caecilian" - a worm-like amphibian has been discovered
in the rainforests of French Guiana. The new species was so named in reference to the feeding habits of young caecilians, which peel and eat their mother's skin. The mother isn't injured by this process — she grows an extra layer of fat-rich skin during
this phase of development. Little else is known about the new species, which is related to the so-called "penis snake" — also a type of caecilian — that turned up in an Amazon river tributary last year.
or panda bat - scientists discovered the brilliantly-striped bat in the Bangangai Game Reserve in South Sudan.
Giliding frogs - researchers discovered two new
frog genera in the rare and threatened freshwater swamps of the southern Western Ghats of India. The Western Ghats is home to a stunning variety of flora and fauna ranging from large mammals like the Asiatic elephant to fascinating amphibians such as the Malabar
gliding frog. Tree frogs like these gliding frogs are found in habitats including ground litter, on bushes and tree tops.
Carnivorous snails - the new snail species were collected during surveys throughout
Thailand between 2008 and 2012 and are the first snails in their genus Perrottetia to be described in over a century. The snails belong to a terrestrial carnivorous group of snails known to feed on insect larvae, earthworms, and even other snails. These tiny
snails less than 1cm in size are found living within rock crevices, endemic to a single or few limestone mountain ranges in north and north-eastern Thailand.
a fly, but instead is more closely related to wasps.
There are over 1,400 species of fairyfly, mostly found in the tropical environments of the southern hemisphere.9. Arapaima leptosome - these massive, heavily-armoured, air-breathing fish are the mega-fauna of the Amazon's rivers. Scientists still know relatively
little about arapaima, including just how many species there are. Since the mid-Nineteenth Century, scientists have lumped all arapaima into one species, however, two studies in Copeia split the arapaimas into at least five total species—and more may
be coming. This new species is more slender than Arapaima gigas and possesses other important physical differences.
The Laotian giant flying squirrel - a
team from the National University of Laos surveyed markets in central Lao for squirrels came across a single specimen of a flying squirrel previously unknown to science.. 15 Amazonian birds - Scientists describe on average seven new bird species worldwide
every year but this year, scientists working in the southern Amazon have recorded an incredible 15 new species of birds and this is the largest group of new birds uncovered in the Brazilian Amazon in 140 years.
Hemiscyllium Halmahera – Scientists announced the discovery of a new species of walking shark near the island of Halmahera. The shark uses its fins to "walk" along the sea floor
The Cambodian tailorbird - this previously unknown species of bird was found hiding in plain sight after scientists photographed what was thought to be more abundant species at a construction
site on the outskirts of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Subsequent analysis revealed the species to be distinct and the new bird is one of only two species endemic to Cambodia.
101 PNG Weevils - in a single paper, a team of researchers described 101 new species of weevils from New Guinea, more than doubling the known species in the beetle genus, Trigonopterus.
amissibilis ( ‘that may be lost’ ) – this poison dart frog was discovered during a study to determine the impact of tourism on biodiversity in a tract of rainforest known as "The Lost World" in Guyana. The frog was discovered near Turu Falls,
a waterfall at the foot of the Iwokrama Mountains in Central Guyana.
Robsonius thompsoni – a ground-warbler from the Philippines was the twenty-third species of bird described in 2013. (2 fotos
Peracchi’s nectar bat - long thought to comprise one species, the populations of Bokermann's nectar bat, also living in the Atlantic Forest and the Cerrado, are in fact distinct from one another.
Five Cryptic Vesper bats - An international research team discovered five new species of vesper bats in Senegal's Niokolo-Koba National Park. The new species are considered
cryptic, because their genetic makeup is different despite physical similarities. The new bats have yet to be named.
The Baturite porcupine – a prehensile-tailed porcupine found in Brazil’s
Baturite mountains. The new species was discovered when scientists noticed significant differences between it and its closest relative, the Brazilian porcupine.
Leopardus guttulus – a small cat living in the Atlantic forest and Cerrado of southern Brazil. The cat was mistakenly classified as an oncilla until scientists discovered, through DNA testing, that it was a separate speciesThousands of species
were scientifically described for the first time in 2013. Many of these were "cryptic species" that were identified after genetic analysis distinguished them from closely-related species, while others were totally novel. Below are some of the most interesting
"new species" discoveries that took place or were formally announced in 2013.
The Tapirus kabomani - a diminutive tapir that inhabits open grasslands and forests in Colombia and Brazil. It is the fifth
tapir found in the world and the first to be discovered since 1865. It is also the first mammal in the order Perissodactyla (which includes tapirs, rhinos, and horses) found in over a hundred years.
Caenolestes sangay – a marsupial, this small shrew opossum, was discovered in Ecuador.